Deadly Diseases Caused by Air Pollution – Air pollution has become a worldwide problem. Data says air pollution is responsible for 4.2 million deaths every year. The reason is that 9 out of 10 people in the world breathe polluted air every day, including the Indonesian population. The main sources of these pollutants include refinery power plants, petrochemical, chemical and fertilizer industries, as well as other industrial plants. Other sources include cars, trains, motorcycles, and other vehicles.
There are also natural sources of pollutants, including disasters such as forest fires, volcanic eruptions, dust storms, and land burning. These pollutant sources produce dispersed particulate matter, ozone, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, and lead. If it enters the body, pollutants can cause health problems, which can be fatal. The following is a list of diseases caused by air pollution.
1. Lung Infection
The first impact of air pollution on human health is lung infection. No wonder indeed, because every day you must breathe air to breathe. The negative effects of poor air quality are exacerbated by exposure to children.
2. Lung Cancer
In lung cancer, lung cells become abnormal so that they grow out of control. Some of the symptoms include shortness of breath, coughing up blood, and weight loss for no apparent reason. According to WHO, in addition to infection, particulate matter in air pollution can contribute to lung cancer.
3. Worsens COPD Symptoms
Exposure to air pollution can make it difficult for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to breathe. COPD is a long-term inflammation of the lungs, which blocks the flow of air in this respiratory organ. Severe symptoms can lead to hospitalization due to excruciating shortness of breath, leading to death.
4. Asthma Attack
Exposure to particulate matter in air pollution can be dangerous for those with asthma. Asthma attacks and relapses can also occur more frequently.
5. Heart and Blood Vessel Disease
Diseases caused by air pollution are not only related to the lungs. Air pollution can also increase the risk of heart attack and stroke.
6. Developmental Process Disorder
Exposure to air pollution can slow and impair lung development in growing children. This air pollution impairs their present health and also decreases their lung function as they mature.
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7. Swelling and Irritation of Lung Tissue
People with healthy lungs are prone to irritation and swelling. For those living with chronic lung diseases such as asthma and COPD, this effect can be very dangerous.
8. Low Birth Weight
Several studies have shown that exposure to air pollution can increase the risk of low birth weight and infant mortality. That’s why, pregnant women are obliged to avoid diseases caused by air pollution do not occur in babies.
9. Wheezing, Coughing, and Difficulty Breathing
Wheezing, coughing, and difficulty breathing can be symptoms caused by exposure to air pollution, both in the short and long term.
Research shows short-term and long-term exposure to polluted air can shorten life and cause death.