Recognize the Types of Meningitis – As we know today there are more and more diseases that we do not know what causes it and how to treat it. Meningitis is an infectious disease that attacks the meninges, the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. There are several other forms of meningitis some of which are caused by viruses or bacteria.
1. Bacterial meningitis
Bacterial meningitis is a potentially life-threatening disease. This disease can cause serious complications that can be fatal if not treated immediately.
This type of meningitis generally develops when bacteria enter the bloodstream and travel to the brain and spinal cord. Types of bacteria that can cause meningitis include Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Neisseria meningitidis.
The bacteria can be passed from person to person through coughing, sneezing, and other physical contact that allows the transfer of saliva. Some types of bacterial meningitis can also be caused by eating contaminated food.
Symptoms of bacterial meningitis include headache, fever, stiff neck, rash, nausea and vomiting, light sensitivity, and confusion that appear 3-7 days after exposure to the bacteria.
2. Viral meningitis
Viral meningitis is more common than bacterial meningitis. Generally, viral meningitis is less fatal.
Most cases of meningitis are caused by Enteroviruses. The symptoms are not much different from bacterial meningitis.
Generally, viral meningitis resolves without the need for special treatment. However, in some cases, this type of meningitis can be fatal depending on the type of virus, the age of the patient, and a weak immune system.
The enteroviruses that cause meningitis can be spread through secretions from the eyes, nose, mouth, or other fluids. Frequent hand washing can prevent you from this type of meningitis.
Also Read : Symptoms and Risks of Inflammatory Bowel Disease
3. Parasitic meningitis
Parasitic meningitis is a rare type of meningitis. This form causes a brain infection that can progress quickly and be fatal.
Symptoms of parasitic meningitis generally appear seven days after infection. Common symptoms include confusion, loss of balance, seizures, hallucinations, and a lack of sensitivity to the environment.
The parasite Naegleria fowleri, which causes meningitis, is found in warm fresh water such as lakes, rivers, and hot springs. This parasite is also commonly found in industrial wastewater, untreated swimming pools, and water heaters.
This organism will enter the body through the nose and travel to the brain where it begins to destroy brain tissue. Parasitic meningitis is not transmitted from person to person.
4. Fungal meningitis
Just like parasites, fungal meningitis is also referred to as a rare type of meningitis. Meningitis develops when the fungus enters the bloodstream.
Anyone is at risk for this disease. However, people with low immune systems are at higher risk.
Fungal meningitis is generally caused by fungal spores from soil or contaminated bird and bat droppings that are inhaled by the body.
Treatment generally consists of high doses of antifungal drugs which are usually given through an IV. The type of fungus and the condition of the patient’s immune system determine the length of treatment.
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