Some Diseases That Make People die Suddenly – Having a healthy body is very important because it is an important factor in supporting one’s quality of life. This is why the body’s health must be maintained by controlling food intake, exercising diligently, and getting enough rest.
Maintaining a healthy body can also prevent various diseases, including dangerous diseases. You need to know, there are several diseases that can cause sudden death if not treated immediately.
Below will be discussed several diseases that initially do not show significant symptoms, but can be fatal if not treated properly. This is a list of diseases that can cause sufferers to die suddenly, which of course we should watch out for together.
1. Arrhythmias and sudden cardiac arrest
Arrhythmia is a condition where the heart beats abnormally such as too fast, too slow, or beating with an irregular rhythm.
Arrhythmias can cause a person to experience sudden cardiac death in which the heart cannot pump blood to the brain and as a result a person can die if they don’t get treatment right away.
The main symptoms of sudden cardiac arrest are feeling your heart beating too fast or irregularly and feeling dizzy and stagger like you’re about to fall. However, there are not a few who do not show any symptoms.
Furthermore, the condition of sudden cardiac arrest is more experienced by men than women, especially in the age of 30 to 40 years.
A person who has the following conditions is more at risk of sudden cardiac arrest:
- Have experienced A person who has just had a heart attack is prone to sudden cardiac arrest, especially during the 6 months after the heart attack
- Shortly after a heart attack, have had a ventricular tachycardia (heart chambers beating too fast), or ventricular fibrillation (heart beats with an electric current that’s too fast and irregular)
- including a medical history such as active smoking, an enlarged heart, and high cholesterol
- Have family members who have problems with heart health. Examples include Wolf-Parkinson-White syndrome, sudden cardiac arrest and heart block
- Often fainted for reasons that are not clear
- Have a history of abnormalities in the blood vessels and have congenital heart disease
- Obesity and diabetes
- Have a cardiomyopathy condition (the heart muscle is inelastic and stiff)
- Using illegal drugs such as narcotics
Prevention can be done by:
- Perform routine heart health tests every year
- Diligent exercise and adopt a low-fat diet
- Do not smoke
- Lose weight, especially if you have a body weight that exceeds normal limits
- If you have diabetes, make sure your blood sugar is controlled
- If you have a history of heart disease, regularly consult a doctor to monitor heart health
2. Intracranial hematoma
Intracranial hematoma is bleeding that occurs inside the skull due to rupture of a blood vessel in the head. These blood vessels burst due to injury, such as a fall or accident.
A person who has fallen and had an accident is advised to have a CT scan or MRI scan to check for blood clots or swelling in the brain. The results will help doctors determine the appropriate treatment steps, for example, prescribing drugs or surgery.
- Experiencing a sudden, severe headache
- Headaches related to accident or injury incidents
- Mild headaches but does not go away
- Headache accompanied by a stiff or tight neck
- Easily tired and sleepy
- Feel confused
- Vomited more than twice in a 24 hour duration
- Is in a coma or is unconscious
Intracranial hematomas can also occur in children as a result of strong shocks and previous falls. Symptoms that appear in children are similar to those in adults, with additional parts of the child’s head appearing swollen, experiencing fractures in the arms and legs, bleeding in the retina, and being unconscious.
To prevent intracranial hematoma, it is recommended to wear a helmet when riding a bicycle, motorcycle, skateboard, or scooter. Then, don’t forget to wear your seat belt when driving by car. Children who have been victims of domestic violence are strongly advised to see a doctor to be sure
3. Subdural hematoma
Subdural hematoma is bleeding that occurs between the lining of the dura and the arachnoid membrane. The dura layer is the outermost layer of the mening membrane that protects the brain and spine.
Subdural hematoma generally occurs in infants or toddlers and the elderly. In infants or toddlers, this can occur due to domestic violence, for example being hit, shaking hard, or trauma during childbirth. While in the elderly, this can occur due to shrinkage in the brain which causes blood vessels in the brain to stretch and tear easily.
- At first it looks fine after the injury, but a few days or weeks later the person feels confused and may become unconscious
- Shortly after the injury, the person fell unconscious and even fell into a coma
- For your information, symptoms such as confusion, dizziness, seizures, and vomiting can appear 2 weeks after the injury incident
Furthermore, people taking blood thinners such as aspirin and warfarin are also at risk of developing a subdural hematoma if they have an injury to the head.
Prevention can be done by closely monitoring the elderly so as not to fall, supervising children at home, using safety protocols such as seat belts and helmets when driving or doing activities that have a risk of falling or injury.
4. Pulmonary embolism
Pulmonary embolism is a blockage in the pulmonary artery because the artery channel is blocked by blood clots. Blood clots generally come from blood clots in the deep veins in the legs. This clot then travels up towards the lungs. If there are too many clots, blood cannot flow to the lungs and a pulmonary embolism occurs.
One-third of patients with pulmonary embolism may die of cardiac arrest before the doctor discovers a clot or blockage in the hospital.
a doctor who specializes in pulmonary embolism at the University of Utah Health in the United States (US), recommends that you immediately see a doctor if you often experience symptoms of tight or stiff legs then swelling, chest tightness or heaviness and can not go away,
- Hard to breathe
- Chest pain when inhaling, coughing, and bending over. The pain makes it difficult for sufferers to breathe deeply
- Coughing up blood or phlegm mixed with blood
- Very fast or irregular heartbeat
- The leg feels sore or swollen, especially in the calf
- Dizzy like about to fall
- Bluish color of the skin (cyanosis)
A person is more at risk of developing pulmonary embolism if:
- Infected by the corona virus
- Heart disease
- Cancers such as brain, ovarian, lung, and kidney cancer
- Hereditary diseases related to bloo
- Have or have recently had surgery
The British Lung Foundation recommends doing this to prevent pulmonary embolism:
- Controlling food intake to prevent obesity
- Quit smoking
- Exercise regularly
- Not sitting too long, especially when working and watching TV
- Make sure the body is not dehydrated by drinking enough water
- After surgery, try to move your legs to prevent blood clots in the deep veins in your legs (deep vein thrombosis).
- If you have to travel long distances by plane, wear loose and comfortable clothes, walk and move your feet every 30 minutes
- Consult a doctor if you have a history of blood clots
5. Aortic aneurysm
a condition when the large blood vessels that carry blood from the heart to the rest of the body become swollen. This condition generally occurs in the abdominal area and this condition often goes undetected because the swelling process occurs slowly.
The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states that men aged 65-75 years, active smokers, and high cholesterol, and have hardening of the arteries have a high risk of developing aortic aneurysms
- Pain in the jaw, chest, neck, or upper back
- Cough, difficulty breathing
- In the abdomen there is a lump or slightly bulging
- Pain in the stomach, thighs and back and does not go away even after changing positions and taking pain medication
Treatment of aortic aneurysm depends on how large the bubbles or swelling are in the blood vessels. However, if the swelling is too large, more than 5 cm, the doctor will perform an operation to remove the swollen part of the blood vessel and replace it with a fabric tube transplant. If not treated immediately, patients can die, especially if the blood vessels burst.
especially if there is no immediate medical intervention. Failure to identify and treat early will result in the patient experiencing shortness of breath, bleeding, becoming unconscious, and the heart stops working.
Unhealthy lifestyles such as smoking and eating too many fatty foods also increase the risk of developing diseases such as arrhythmias, pulmonary embolism, and aortic aneurysm.
If you or those around you experience the symptoms mentioned above, don’t waste time and seek medical help immediately.